The number one pest all around the world…
Do you want to know which pest is responsible for the death of one million people annually, and responsible for aggravating millions around the world? Further, this insect is a big spreader of disease, such as, West Nile virus, elephantiasis, dengue fever, yellow fever and many more horrid diseases. Have you guessed yet? It’s everyone’s favorite, “The famous Mosquito!”
The mosquito plagues all animals with its thirst for blood meals. By familiarizing yourself with the mosquito’s life cycle, you can help prevent mosquitoes from taking occupancy around your home. Most important is to be aware of how mosquitoes thrive and that they need water to survive. This knowledge will better help you control their breeding ground outside your home. There are 4 different stages of a mosquito’s life. It starts as harmless little egg, and develops into larva, next the pupa (resting, non-feeding stage), and lastly we see the adult. The life cycle usually takes up to two weeks, but can range from four days to as long as a month and it depends on water temperature, food and type of mosquito.
Were you aware that actually only the female mosquito bites and feeds on people and animals? After she feasts on us she will lay her eggs by the soil near the water edge. Eventually the eggs fall into the water and the life cycle begins again.
But now here’s where things get scary! Mosquitoes become infected with diseases when they feed on a person or animal already infected with a pathogen. Infected mosquitoes can spread pathogens such as a virus, or bacteria or protozoa to other people through bites. Mosquitos spread the West Nile Virus, where people can get a fever, flu-like symptoms, and feel worn out. A few people get a more serious infection that causes brain swelling, or meningitis. However, there’s a very small chance you could die! Another deadly virus that is spread by mosquitos is Encephalitis which causes inflammation around your brain and spinal cord.
The Zika Virus is another pathogen that many people are becoming more aware of lately. This virus is related to dengue, yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis, and West Nile viruses, and is spread by the same mosquitos.
Zika virus infections display with symptoms and signs of fever, joint or muscle pain, pinkeye, or a rash. It has been linked to more problems cases of Guillain-Barre syndrome and a birth defect called microcephaly. Although in the news recently it was first seen in the 1950s has been known to occur within a narrow equatorial belt from Africa to Asia. In 2014, the virus spread eastward across the Pacific Ocean to French Polynesia, then to Easter Island and in 2015 to Central America, the Caribbean, and South America, where the Zika outbreak has reached pandemic levels.